The Historic Library & Rare Book Collection at Sherborne School includes a section of books relating to natural science and philosophy.

A-Z by author &/or title:

ALSTED, Johann Heinrich (1588-1638)
Ioan. Henrici Alstedii Scientiarvm omnivm encyclopaediae.
Leyden, sumptibus Ioannis Antonii Huguetan filij, & Marci Antonii Ravaud, 1649.
2 volumes.
Folio.

BACON, Francis (1561-1626)
Sylva Sylvarum: or a Naturall Historie in ten centuries.
Published after the author’s death by William Rawley.
London, printed by J.H. for William Lee, 1627 (1st ed., 2nd issue).
Folio.
Acquired by Sherborne School before 1861.

BACON, Francis (1561-1626)
Opera.
[Title page lacking: Frankfurt, 1664]
Impensis Joannis Baptistae Schonwetteri.
Folio.
[A complete collection. Bacon was as much a master of Latin as of English prose, and used Latin as the Original language for much of his most important work]
Donated to Sherborne School Library by Sir Thomas Windham, c.1685.

BACON, Francis (1561-1626)
Of the Advancement of Learning; or the partitions of the Science… interpreted by Gilbert Wats.
London, for Thomas Williams, 1674 (2nd Watts edition).
Folio.
Inscribed: ‘G.D. Roome, Abbey House, 1967’. [Geoffrey David Roome (1951-), attended Sherborne School (Abbey House) 1965-1969]
Donated to Sherborne School Library by T.C. Bartlett, 1910. [Thomas Charles Bartlett (1861-1929) attended Sherborne School (Foundationer) 1873-1877]

BALL, Robert Stanwell (1840-1913)
In the High Heavens.
London, Isbister & Co. Ltd., 1894.
School prize book awarded by F.B. Westcott to A.H. Moberly, 1895. [Archibald Henry Moberly attended Sherborne School (School House) 1893-1896]

BARROW, Isaac (1630-1677)
Euclide’s Elements.
Revised by Thomas Haselden.
London, 1732.
[In his short life, Barrow achieved astonishing distinction; he was pre-eminent as a classical scholar, as a mathematician (he held Cambridge professorships in both subjects) and as a preacher. He was Master of Trinity College, Cambridge, and the instigator of its library]
Inscribed: ‘J.G. Reades’, ‘R.M. Gardener’.
Donated to Sherborne School Library by R. Crossthwait, c.1900.

BECCARIA, Giovanni Battista (1716-1781)
A Treatise upon Artificial Electricity.
London, J. Nourse, 1776 (1st ed. in English)
[The author did pioneer work on electricity in the atmosphere. This work has many references to Franklin, Priestley, and others. Illustrated with 11 plates]
Acquired by Sherborne School Library, c.1890.

BIGLAND, John
Letters on Natural History.
London, Longman, Hurst Rees & Orme, 1806.

BODIN, Jean (1530-1596)
De Republica Libri Sex Latine ab Autore redditi.
First (translated) edition.
Lyons, 1586.
Folio.
[The first edition of the author’s own translation of a work first published (in French) in 1576. The father of French political science, he here describes his ideal state, and identifies reforms needed in contemporary France. He ends by presenting his notion that human institutions are determined by climate]
Donated to Sherborne School Library by Robert Forrester, before 1695 (entry in original library catalogue). [Robert Forrester (1663-1695) attended Sherborne School c.1675. Usher of Sherborne School 1695.
Acquired before 1695 (entry in original library catalogue).

BOYLE, Robert (1627-1691)
The Works of the Honourable Robert Boyle in five volumes to which is prefixed the Life of the Author.
London, 1744 (1st complete edition)
5 volumes.
[Beside all the scientific work of the great chemist (with 24 illustrative plates), these volumes contain a ‘Life’ by Thomas Birch (1705-1766); Boyle’s will, letters, etc. The latter have local interest since Boyle spent much of his time at his property at Stalbridge. Included in the letters on scientific topics are many from John Beal, Rector of Yeovil. Boyle is known to have been a benefactor of Sherborne School’s library]
Acquired c.1890.

CLUVER, Philip (1580-1623)
Introductionis in Universam Geographiam. Libri V.
Leyden, 1628.
Edited by Josephus Vorstius.
16mo.
[This work was first published in 1624. The author was the founder of historical geography, but publication was posthumous. It includes a folding table showing the comparative difference between units of measurement in use by various nations at that time]
Inscribed: ‘J. Lloyd’, ‘Thomas Crawley Bowey’, C. Mills’
Donated to Sherborne School Library by G. Tozer, c.1898. [George Alfred Tozer (1878-1949) attended Sherborne School (School House) 1893-1895]

DORNAVIUS, Caspar
Amphitheatrum Sapientiae Socraticase Joco-Seriae, hoc est, Encomia et Commentaria Autorum qua veterum qua recentiorum prope omnium.
Hanau, 1619.
2 volumes in one.
Folio.
[A compilation of quotations, from innumerable sources (ancient and modern), dealing with Natural History, Philosophy, etc., arranged by topics]
Acquired by Sherborne School before 1695 (entry in original library catalogue).

EDDINGTON, Arthur Stanley (1882-1944)
The Nature of the Physical World.
Cambridge University Press, 1953.
School prize book (Alan Turing Prize for Science) awarded by R.W. Powell to F.P. Nichols, 1956. [Frederick Pengelly Nichols attended Sherborne School (The Green) 1951-1956]
Bookplate: The Alan Turing Prize for Science.

ERYTHRAEUS, Janus Nicius (1577-1647)
Dialogi.
Paris, 1642.
Sm.8vo.
[Discussions of various philosophical topics, in the form of dialogues]
Inscribed ‘Boileau’
Donated to Sherborne School Library by G. Tozer, c.1898. [George Alfred Tozer (1878-1949) attended Sherborne School (School House) 1893-1895]

EUCLID
Elementa (Euclidea) geometriae planae ac solidae.
Translated by André Tacquet (f. 1650)
Amsterdam, 1701.
Inscribed: ‘G. Dering’
Donated to Sherborne School Library by T.C. Bartlett, 1910. [Thomas Charles Bartlett (1861-1929) attended Sherborne School (Foundationer) 1873-1877]

EUCLID
The English Euclide being the first six elements of Geometry translated out of the Greek.
Translated by Edmund Scarburgh (d.1705)
Oxford, 1705 (1st ed.).
Folio.
Signed by Edmund Scarburgh, rector of Upwey, chaplain to the Duke of Buckingham, prebendary of Sarum.
Acquired by Sherborne School (from Edmund Scarburgh?) between 1695 and 1750. Additional entry in original library catalogue.

FUCHS, Leonhard (1501-1566)
Institutionum Medicinae. Libri V.
Basle, 1572.
12mo.
[Fuchs has been described as the German father of botany, and his work as a landmark in the history of natural knowledge]
Inscribed: ‘Henry Fox Thomas Growners, 1674’
Acquired by Sherborne School between 1807 and 1861.

GASSENDI, Pierre (1592-1655)
Animadversiones in decimum librum Diogenis Laertii, qui est de vita, moribus, placitisque epicuri.
Lyons, 1649 (1st ed.)
Folio.
3 volumes.
[One of the works on which Gassendi’s lasting reputation depends. He advocated empirical realism, and was influential in reviving Epicureanism]
Volume 1 inscribed on title page: ‘Anglesey May 28 1670. 3 vol. 1st-5th’ [from the Earl of Anglesey’s great library, with his signature]
Acquired by Sherborne School before 1695 (entry in original library catalogue).

GERARD, John (1545-1612)
The Herball or Generall Historie of Plantes.
London, J. Norton, 1597 (1st ed.)
Inscribed and annotated by William Stukeley (1687-1765): ‘WStukely CCCC.1704’, ‘Wm Stukely CCC Cambr’, ‘Will Stukely of C.C.Colledge in Cambridge 1704’, ‘WStukely CCCC 1704’.
Inscribed: ‘Charlotte Crawley April 26th 1843’

GIBSON, Charles Robert (1870-1931)
The Romance of Scientific Discovery. A popular and non-technical account of some of the most important discoveries in science from the earliest historical times to the present day.
London, Seeley, Service & Co., Ltd., 1922.
School prize book awarded by Headmaster Nowell Charles Smith to O.I. Green, 1923. [Oliver Ivan Green attended Sherborne School (School House) 1923-1928]

GREW, Nehemiah (1641-1712)
The Anatomy of Plants, with an idea of a philosophical history of plants.
London, W. Rawlins, 1682 (1st ed.)
Folio.
[An important work, based on microscopic examination, which marks the start of the study of plant anatomy. It is made up of a series of papers given to the Royal Society during the 1670s, and is illustrated with 83 plates. Grew is credited with being the first to identify the sexual characteristics of flowers. The volume typifies the activities of the Royal Society in its early years.
Inscribed on the flyleaf of this copy is a note by John Cutler (Headmaster of Sherborne School 1790-1823) that this book was returned to the School library on 18 September 1810 having been borrowed by Nathaniel Bristed (Headmaster of Sherborne School 1766-1790) at least 20 years before.
Donated to Sherborne School Library by Hugh Hodges senior, Governor, before 1695 (entry in original library catalogue).

HACK, Maria
Geological Sketches and Glimpses of the Ancient Earth.
London, Harvey & Darton, 1832.
Inscribed: ‘R. Lyon’ [Ralph Lyon (1795-1856), Headmaster of Sherborne School 1823-1845]
Stamped ‘King’s School Sherborne. School House Library’

HELMONT, Jan Baptista van (1577-1644)
Opera Omnia.
Frankfurt, 1682.
4to.
[The author is often regarded as the link between the alchemists and modern chemists. Among other achievements, he discovered carbon dioxide]
Acquired by Sherborne School between 1807 and 1861.

JAMES, Robert (1705-1776)
A medicinal dictionary including physic, surgery, anatomy, chymistry and botany… together with a history of drugs… with copper plates by R. James M.B.
London, 1743-1745 (1st ed.).
3 volumes.
[The author was a friend (and Lichfield school contemporary) of Dr Samuel Johnson, who encouraged him in this work (and wrote the Dedication). A Preface includes a very detailed account of early Greek medicine (Hippocrates, Galen, et al.), and the work provides a full picture of contemporary knowledge at the time of publication – illustrated with numerous plates.
Acquired by Sherborne School between 1750 and 1807.

LA FEUILLE, Daniel de
Essay d’un dictionnaire contenant la connoissance du monde, des sciences universelles, et particulierement celle des medailles, des passions, des moeurs, des vertus et des vices, &c.: Representé par des figures hyerogliphiques, expliquèes en prose & en vers.
Amsterdam, 1666.
Inscribed: ‘By Daniel de la Feuille. The cuts by F. De. Haarsguter’, ‘May Farrall, Long Street, Sherborne, Dorset’.
Donated to Sherborne School Library by Thomas Farrall, 19 February 1906.

LE CLERC, Jean (1657-1736)
Logica, Ontologia et Pneumatologia.
Cambridge, 1704 (4th ed.)
12mo edition quarta.
[A work, dedicated to John Locke, dealing with ‘Logic’ – ideas, propositions, method, argument. The author was Professor of Philosophy at Amsterdam]
Acquired by Sherborne School Library between 1750 and 1807.

LEYBOURN, William (1626-1716)
The Seaman’s New Kalendar of the Sun, Moon and Fixed Stars.
London, 1706.
Sm 4to.
[The author made considerable contributions in the late 17th century to the practical application of mathematics, and wrote popular works on surveying and other topics]
Inscribed by: ‘John Felton 1738’, ‘George Felton 1744’, ‘James Jenkins, 1818’, ‘James Jenkins 1820’.
Donated to Sherborne School Library by C.L.F. Boughey, August 1928. [Charles Lovell Fletcher Boughey (1887-1934), Headmaster of Sherborne School 1928-1933]

LOCKE, John (1632-1704)
An Essay concerning Humane Understanding.
London, 1695 (3rd ed.)
[A very early edition of this important work (which was subsequently further revised). First published in 1690, it was originally prompted by discussions with friends, in 1671, which led to an attempt by Locke to set out, on a single sheet of paper, his answer to the question ‘what objects our understanding were, or were not, fitted to deal with’]
Inscribed: ‘Fran: Crane 1700’, ‘Hen: Parsons, Coll. Exon. Oxon 1720’, ‘Liber Francisci Frans. Parsons, Coll. Exon. Oxon 1749-50’, ‘Hen: Parsons jun., Coll. Exon 1782’, ‘John Parsons, Coll (Exon?) Oxon 1799’, ‘Saml. Jelfs, Sherborne, Dorset, 1848’.
Source not known (after 1918).

LUBBOCK, Sir John (1834-1913)
On the Senses, Instincts, and Intelligence of Animals with Special Reference to Insects.
London, Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner & Co. Ltd., 1891 (3rd ed.)
School prize book awarded by F.B. Westcott to A.H. Moberly, 1894. [Archibald Henry Moberly attended Sherborne School (School House) 1893-1896]

MARTYN, Thomas (1735-1825)
Flora Rustica… plants… either useful or injurious.
London, J. Green, 1792.
[The author was Professor of Botany at Cambridge. This work, originally issued in serial parts, has 144 hand-coloured plates with a description of each plant]
Donated to Sherborne School Library by W. Hammond, c.1916. [William Hammond (1848-1924), attended Sherborne School 1858-1866. Librarian of the Grand Lodge of England at Freemason’s Hall 1912-1924]

RENAUDOT, Eusèbe (1646-1720)
A General Collection of Discourses of the Virtuosi of France upon questions of all sorts of Philosophy, and other Natural Knowledge.
Translated by Clopton Havers, gent.
London, 1664 (1st ed.)
[In all, containing 240 ‘conferences’ on a wide range of topics, all examined, in the new light of scientific reason. The volumes typify the way Restoration England was alive to French ideas, thanks to returning Royalist exiles. Subjects include: ‘Of the Milkie Way’; ‘Which Animal is Happiest’; ‘Of the causes of the Small Pox’; ‘Why Mules breed not’; ‘Whether Trading derogates from Gentility’; ‘Whether it be expedient for Women to be Learned’]
Purchased from Robert Clavell on 28 June 1687, for £1.2s.0d.

RENAUDOT, Eusèbe (1646-1720)
Another Collection of Philosophical Conferences of the French Virtuosi upon Questions of all sorts for the improving of Natural Knowledge.
Translated by G. Havers and J. Davies.
London, 1665.
[In all, containing 240 ‘conferences’ on a wide range of topics, all examined, in the new light of scientific reason. The volumes typify the way Restoration England was alive to French ideas, thanks to returning Royalist exiles. Subjects include: ‘Of the Milkie Way’; ‘Which Animal is Happiest’; ‘Of the causes of the Small Pox’; ‘Why Mules breed not’; ‘Whether Trading derogates from Gentility’; ‘Whether it be expedient for Women to be Learned’]
Purchased from Robert Clavell on 28 June 1687, for £1.2s.0d.

ROYAL SOCIETY, THE
The Signatures… in the Charter-Book from 1660.
London, 1950.
[Facsimiles of every page, showing signatures of all those elected as Fellows from the Society’s foundation]
Donated to Sherborne School Library by Mrs E.S. Turing in 1955, in memory of her son, A.M. Turing FRS. [Alan Mathison Turing (1912-1954) attended Sherborne School (Westcott House) 1926-1931]

SENNERT, Daniel (1572-1637)
Opera.
Paris, 1641 (1st collected edition).
3 volumes.
[The author, Professor of Medicine at Wittenburg, was responsible for a considerable number of works, covering all branches of medical science]
Purchased from Isaac Cleave on 2 July 1691, for £1.5s.0d.

SHUTTLEWORTH, John (1670/1-1750)
A Treatise of Opticks Direct.
London, 1709 (1st ed.)
Sm.4to.
[The work includes many complex formulae for explaining perspective, etc. John Shuttleworth was rector of Oborne and Lillington 1695-1711, and his son, Digby Shuttleworth (1711-1789) attended Sherborne School c.1721]
Acquired by Sherborne School between 1695 and 1750 (additional entry in original library catalogue).

SMITH, Adam (1723-1790)
An inquiry into the nature and causes of the wealth of nations… with a life of the author… in three volumes.
Edinburgh, printed for [and by] Mundell, Doig, and Stevenson, 1809.
Volumes 1 & 2 only.
Inscribed: ‘M. Wilkin’.
Stamped: ‘Sherborne School History Faculty Library’.
Transferred from Sherborne School History Department to the School Library, September 1982.

VOSSIUS, Gerardus Joannes (1577-1649) & VOSSIUS, Isaac (1618-1689)
G.J. Voss, Chronologiae Sacrae Isagoge sive de ultimis mundi (The Hague, 1659).
I. Voss, De Lucis Natura et Proprietate (Amsterdam, 1662, 1st ed.)
Bound together in one volume.
Purchased from Isaac Cleave on 2 July 1691 for 4s.0d.

VOSSIUS, Gerardus Joannes (1577-1649)
De Quatuor Artibus Popularibus, Grammatistice, Gymnastice, Musice & Graphice, Liber (Amsterdam, 1660).
De Philologia Liber (Amsterdam, 1660).
De Universae Mathesios Natura & Constitutione Liber; cui subjungitur chronologia mathematicorum (Amsterdam, 1660).
Bound together in one volume.
Purchased from Isaac Cleave on 2 July 1691 for 8s.0d.

VOSSIUS, Isaac (1618-1689)
Responsum ad Objecta Joh. De Bruyn.
The Hague, 1663 ( 1st ed.)
Purchased from Isaac Cleave on 2 July 1691 for 3s.0d.

VOSSIUS, Isaac (1618-1689)
De Motu Marium et Ventorum (The Hague, 1663, 1st ed.)
De Nili et aliorum fluminum origine (The Hague, 1666, 1st ed.)
Appendix ad Scriptum de Natura et Proprietate Lucis.
Bound together in one volume.
Purchased from Isaac Cleave on 2 July 1691 for 4s.0d.

WEBSTER, John (1610-1682)
The Displaying of Supposed Witchcraft.
London, 1677 (1st ed.).
Folio.
[Reflecting the spirit of the period, the author insists that all evidence at witchcraft trials should be subjected to scientific scrutiny. He did much to rid the subject of traditional superstitions. He shows how even eminent persons can come to believe that they have ‘seen’ strange happenings, and examines the causes of such credulity. As a non-conformist, he was not eligible for membership of the Royal Society]
Purchased from Robert Clavell on 28 June 1687 for 7s.0d.

WILKINS, John (1614-1672)
An Essay towards a Real Character and a Philosophical Language.
London, 1668 (1st ed.)
[The author has a strong claim to be regarded as the founder of the Royal Society, of which he became the first Secretary. As Warden of Wadham College, Oxford, and later as Master of Trinity College, Cambridge, he gathered many notable figures together for discussions, including Robert Boyle]
Inscribed: ‘R.H’.
Acquired by Sherborne School before 1695 (entry in original library catalogue).

WOOD, Robert Williams (1868-1955)
Physical Optics,
New York, Macmillan Co., 1914.
School prize book (Lister prize) awarded by Nowell Smith to E.W.T. Freud, 1914. [Eric Wolf Theodor Freud attended Sherborne School (Abbey House) 1909-1914].
Donated to Sherborne School Library in 1916 by the parents of E.W.T. Freud, who died of wounds 22 December 1915.

WOTTON, Edward (1492-1555)
Edoardi Wottoni Oxoniensis de Differentiis Animalium Libri X.
Paris, 1552 (1st ed.)
Folio.
[Wotton acquired a European reputation through the publication of this volume which, though containing little original material, presents a clear and complete account of all earlier work on the subject. He was a physician who became President of the Royal College]
Inscribed: ‘Ex. Spinis Rosei’.
Acquired by Sherborne School before 1695 (entry in original library catalogue).

See also:
Historic Library & Rare Book Collection

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